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Emigration from the United States

For the first centuries of its existence the US benefited from its low population density and had attracted large masses of immigrants. However, in the last century, the large number of overseas interventions was followed by consolidation, during which a civilian exodus led to a sizable overseas American-born presence. Another major source of emigrants from the United States are former military personnel retiring to the countries where they were previously based.[citation needed] As of 2010, the number of American long-term residents in UK giving up on their US citizenship has overwhelmed the US embassy to the point where waiting lists extend for more than half a year .

Some other reasons for emigration from United States include:

economic reasons (e.g. inexpensive housing in Mexico[2]).

family reasons.

business opportunities.

religious reasons (e.g. aliyah to Israel).

quality of life issues.

political disenchantment (e.g. John Kerry supporters who claimed they would emigrate if George W. Bush was re-elected in the 2004 US Presidential election).

The United States is a net immigration country. Many of the emigrants from the United States do not plan to become permanent emigrants, but to be expatriates (expats) for a limited amount of time. There is a scarcity of official records in this domain [3]. Given the high dynamics of the emigration-prone groups, emigration from United States remains indiscernible from temporary country leave. As of 2009, there are over 6 million non-military U.S. citizens living abroad.[4], an increase from the 4 million estimated in 1999[5]. However, these numbers are highly open to dispute as they often are unverified and can change rapidly.

Overseas US populations

The list below is of the main 40 countries hosting American populations (part-time US citizens and expatriates alike).

Mexico - over 1,000,000

Canada - 700,000

United Kingdom - 224,000

Germany - 211,000

Israel - 185,000

Italy - 170 to 200,000

China - 126,000 (Mainland China: 66,000, Hong Kong: 60,000[7])

Philippines - 105,000

Australia - 103,000

France - 102,000

Spain - 95,000

Dominican Republic - 82,000

Japan - 71,000

South Korea - 67,000

Costa Rica - 50,000

Brazil - 41,000

Ireland - 38,000

Republic of China (Taiwan) - 38,000

Belgium - 36,000

Saudi Arabia - 36,000

Switzerland - 32,000

Poland - 31 to 60,000

Lebanon - 25,000 see List of countries with foreign nationals in Lebanon

Panama - 25,000 , http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2030.htm

Sweden - 18 to 26,000

New Zealand - 17,748 2006 Census, Statistics New Zealand

Netherlands - 17,000

Colombia - 15,000

Austria 15,000

Hungary - 15,000

Norway - 15,000

Singapore - 15,000 [7]

Russia - 12 to 50,000

Argentina - 10,552

Portugal - 10 to 20,000

Malaysia - 8,000 [7]

Chile - n/a

India - n/a [10]


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Eleanor Gow
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